Inkunga y'ibicuruzwa

Ikintu cyose Ukeneye Kumenya Kumurongo Wumucyo Wumuhanda

Asitara ryizuba ryumuhanda rirushaho kumenyekana, banyiri amazu nubucuruzi barimo gushakisha urumuri rwiza rwa LED rwumuhanda kubyo bakeneye byihariye.Ntabwo ari ibidukikije byangiza ibidukikije gusa, ahubwo bifite ninyungu nyinshi kurenza amatara yo kumuhanda.Dore impamvu zituma ugomba gutangira gukoresha amatara yizuba ayoboye:

 

Amatara yo kumuhanda LED ni iki?

Itara ryumuhanda wizuba nubwoko bwamatara akoresha ingufu zizuba kugirango atange urumuri, bigatuma bahitamo neza kubice bidafite amashanyarazi.Ibice byingenzi bigize urumuri rwizuba ruyobowe ni amazu, LED, bateri, umugenzuzi, imirasire yizuba, hamwe na sensor.Imirasire y'izuba ihindura urumuri rw'izuba amashanyarazi.Itara rya LED ryahujwe nubugenzuzi, bugenga ingano yumucyo usohoka.

 

Amazu:Umubiri nyamukuru wamatara yumuhanda wizuba mubisanzwe ni aluminiyumu.Ibi bifite ubushyuhe bwiza bwo gukwirakwiza no kurwanya ruswa kimwe no gusaza.Bamwe mubatanga ibicuruzwa kandi bakora no kugurisha amatara yizuba yumuhanda hamwe nibisasu bya pulasitike kugirango bagabanye ibiciro.

 

LEDs:Kuri ubu, urumuri rwizuba rwumuhanda rukoreshwa namatara azigama ingufu nkeya, amatara ya sodium yumuvuduko muke, amatara yindobanure, nibikoresho bya DLED.Kuberako bihenze, sodium yumuvuduko muke itanga urumuri rwinshi, ariko rufite imikorere mike.Amatara ya LED afite igihe kirekire, akora neza, kandi abereye amatara yizuba kuko afite voltage nkeya.Hamwe niterambere mu ikoranabuhanga, imikorere ya LED izakomeza gutera imbere.Amatara maremare azigama amashanyarazi afite imbaraga nke kandi zikoresha urumuri rwinshi, ariko zifite ubuzima buke.Amatara ya induction afite imbaraga nke kandi zikoresha urumuri rwinshi, ariko voltage ntikwiriye kumurika izuba.Amatara kumatara yo mumuhanda yo murwego rwohejuru byaba byiza kumurikirwa niba afite amatara ya LED.

 

Bateri ya Litiyumu:Nkibikoresho byo kubika ingufu, itara ryizuba ryumuhanda rikoresha bateri ya lithium.Hariho ubwoko bubiri bwa bateri ya lithium: ternary na lithium fer-fosifate.Buriwese afite ibyiza bye nibibi bitewe nibyo umukiriya akeneye.Batteri ya lithium ya Ternary ikunda kuba ihendutse kuruta fosifate ya lithium fer, ihagaze neza, idahindagurika, irwanya ubushyuhe bwinshi, byoroshye gufata umuriro no guturika, kandi bikwiriye gukoreshwa mubushuhe bwo hejuru.Urufunguzo rwumucyo wizuba ryumuhanda rugenwa na bateri.Igiciro cyacyo nacyo kiri hejuru y'ibindi bice.

 

Umugenzuzi:Igenzura rya PWM nubwoko busanzwe bwurumuri rwizuba kumasoko.Ntibihendutse kandi byizewe.Iterambere rihoraho ryikoranabuhanga ryatumye abakiriya benshi bakoresha MPPT Igenzura ikora neza muguhindura amakuru.

 

Imirasire y'izuba:Imirasire y'izuba ya Mono na poly birashoboka.Monotype ihenze kuruta Polytype, ariko ntabwo ikora neza kurusha Monotype.Bashobora kubaho imyaka 20-30.

 

Sensor:Igikoresho cya sensor yamatara yumuhanda wizuba mubisanzwe birimo fotokeli hamwe na sensor ya moteri.Buri bwoko bwurumuri rwizuba bisaba fotokeli.

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Amatara rero ni:

Ingufu- Guhindura ingufu z'izuba mumashanyarazi, urashobora kuyikoresha kugirango utange amatara yo kumuhanda LED.Imirasire y'izuba ntigira iherezo.

Umutekano- Amatara yumuhanda wizuba akoreshwa nizuba 12-36V.Ntabwo bazatera impanuka za electroshock kandi bafite umutekano.

Porogaramu Yagutse- Amatara yo kumuhanda utari kuri gride afite ubworoherane nubwigenge bwo gutanga amashanyarazi kandi arashobora gutanga amashanyarazi mubice bya kure bidafite amashanyarazi.

Ishoramari rito- Itara ryizuba ryumuhanda ntirisaba ibikoresho byamashanyarazi bihuye kandi birashobora kuba byikora.Ntabwo isaba kandi gucunga abakozi kandi ifite amafaranga make yo gukora no kuyitaho.

 

Ni izihe nyungu zo gukoresha amatara yo kumuhanda LED?

Mu ntangiriro ya za 90, igihe amatara ya mbere ya LED yatunganyirizwaga, abantu benshi batekerezaga ko bitazigera bifatika cyangwa bihendutse.Nyamara, mu myaka 20 ishize, amatara yo ku mirasire y'izuba ya LED yahindutse icyamamare mu mijyi n'imijyi ku isi.Ibikorwa remezo byingufu kwisi biratera imbere byihuse, bigatuma ikoreshwa ryamatara yizuba rya kijyambere rishoboka.Inkomoko yingufu zibi bikoresho zirazwi cyane kubikoresho byabo bigizwe nimirasire yizuba yashyizwemo na bateri ya lithium-ion, sensor zumva umucyo nigikorwa, sisitemu yo gucunga bateri, hamwe na sensor hamwe nigenamiterere.

 

Amatara y'izuba LED akoresha ingufu nke ugereranije n'amatara gakondo hamwe nibikoresho byoroheje, ibyo bikaba ari amahitamo meza kumijyi ishaka kugabanya ibiciro byingufu.LED nayo imara igihe kinini kuruta amatara yaka, bigatuma ikoreshwa neza mugihe kirekire.Byongeye kandi, amatara yizuba ya LED ntabwo atanga ubushyuhe cyangwa urusaku nkuko amatara gakondo abikora.Ibi bituma bakora neza mumijyi aho urusaku n’umwanda bihumanya ikirere.

 

Hariho inyungu nyinshi zo gukoresha amatara yo kumuhanda LED.

1. Amatara yo kumuhanda nigice cyingenzi cyibikorwa remezo byumujyi, bitanga umutekano no kumurika abanyamaguru nabashoferi.Imirasire y'izuba ni ubwoko bushya kandi bugezweho bwo kumurika umuhanda uhuza ibintu byiza biranga amatara gakondo hamwe nibyiza byingufu zizuba.Amatara arwanya amazi kandi adashobora guhangana nikirere, afite urumuri ruke kandi ntagabanuka ry’udukoko, kandi bisaba kubungabungwa bike.

2. Imirasire y'izuba muri ayo matara ikoresha ingufu z'izuba mu mbaraga z'amashanyarazi zibikwa muri bateri yubatswe.Izi mbaraga noneho zikoreshwa mugukoresha amashanyarazi bwije-bucya bwa sisitemu yo kumurika.Amatara yagenewe gukemura ibyo abantu bakeneye, kuko byiringirwa kandi byoroshye gukoresha.

3. Imirasire y'izuba hamwe na sisitemu yo gucunga bateri itanga inyungu nko kuba hariho moteri na sensor nijoro, bifasha amakomine kuzigama amafaranga yingufu.Byongeye kandi, ibi bikoresho birashobora kunoza ubwiza bwumuhanda cyangwa umuhanda mugihe utanga umutekano kubanyamaguru nabashoferi.

4. Mu masaha atanu yambere yijoro, imikorere ya sisitemu igera kumucyo wo hagati.Imbaraga zumucyo zigabanya kugabanuka kumanuka nimugoroba cyangwa kugeza igihe sensor ya PIR yunvise kugenda kwabantu.

5. Hamwe na LED yamurika, luminaire ihita ihinduka kumucyo wuzuye mugihe yunvikana mukarere runaka.

6. Bitandukanye n’amatara asanzwe yo mumuhanda, luminaire yizuba yo hanze ntisaba ubwoko ubwo aribwo bwose bwo kubungabunga, bigatuma ihitamo neza ahantu hatabungabungwa bisanzwe bidashoboka cyangwa byifuzwa.Byongeye kandi, izuba ryo hanze hanze luminaire isanzwe ihenze cyane kuruta amatara yo kumuhanda, bigatuma bahitamo neza aho ingengo yimari iteye impungenge.

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Ni ubuhe bwoko butandukanye bwamatara yizuba ya LED?

Ubwoko bwa gride itandukanye

Umubare munini wimishinga yumucyo wizuba uteganijwe kuzabera ahantu hataboneka amashanyarazi.Imirasire y'izuba yaba ihitamo ryiza.Muri off-grid itandukanya ubwoko bwamatara kumuhanda buri pole ifite igikoresho cyihariye.Irimo imirasire y'izuba nkisoko yingufu (umubiri wose), bateri, umugenzuzi wizuba, numucyo LED.Mubyukuri, urashobora gushyira iki gice ahandi hatari mukarere katagira urumuri rwizuba, birumvikana.

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Ubwoko bwa gride-karavange

Amatara yo kumuhanda ya gride-karide yamashanyarazi afite ibyuma bigenzura imashini ya AC / DC hamwe n’amashanyarazi yiyongera 100-240Vac.

Imirasire y'izuba na Grid Hybrid Solution ihujwe na gride hamwe nizuba ryumuti.Sisitemu ikoresha ingufu z'izuba kugirango ibanze kandi ihindure amashanyarazi (100 - 240Vac) mugihe bateri iba mike.Yizewe kandi nta ngaruka ifite mubice bifite urumuri rwinshi ariko ibihe by'imvura na shelegi birebire mubihugu byamajyaruguru.

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Imirasire y'izuba & umuyaga

Turashobora kongeramo umuyaga wumuyaga kuri sisitemu yo kumurika izuba riva hanze ya gride no kuzamura umugenzuzi kugirango izuba & hybrid.

Guhuza ingufu zizuba ningufu zumuyaga bituma urumuri rwizuba numuyaga.Ingufu nyinshi zitangwa iyo uhujije byombi, niko bishoboka cyane kubyara umusaruro.Imirasire y'izuba n'umuyaga bitanga ingufu mubihe bitandukanye.

Igihe cy'imvura cyiganjemo umuyaga, mugihe impeshyi yiganjemo izuba.Urumuri rwizuba rwumuyaga numuyaga ninzira nziza kubihe bibi.

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Byose hamwe

Itara Ryose Ryumucyo wumuhanda, igisekuru cya gatatu cyumucyo wizuba, kizwi cyane kubishushanyo mbonera bihuza ibice byose mubice bimwe.Ibi byakozwe mu mwaka wa 2010 kugirango bitange amatara yo mu cyaro kandi bimaze imyaka mike bikunzwe.Ubu ni amahitamo azwi cyane yo kumurika abaparikingi, parike n'imihanda minini.

Kuzamura imiterere ntabwo ari ngombwa gusa, ahubwo ni na sisitemu yo gutanga amashanyarazi no kumurika.Nibyoroshye cyane gukoresha sisitemu yumucyo wizuba.Urashobora guhindura gusa umugenzuzi kugirango uhindure hagati ya gride, gride, hamwe nizuba.Cyangwa, ushobora kongeramo umuyaga.

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Ibibazo

Itara ryiza ryizuba rya LED niki?

Amatara meza ya LED yo mumuhanda agomba kuba afite bateri nziza kandi ihamye ya Litiyumu nka LiFePo4 26650.32650 kimwe nubugenzuzi buhanitse nka MPPT mugenzuzi, ubuzima burigihe buzaba ari 2years byibuze.

 

Nigute amatara yo kumuhanda LED akora?

Umugenzuzi wubwenge agenzura itara ryumuhanda wizuba kumanywa.Imirasire y'izuba imaze gukubita ikibaho, imirasire y'izuba ikuramo ingufu z'izuba ikayihindura ingufu z'amashanyarazi.Imirasire y'izuba yishyuza bateri kumanywa kandi itanga ingufu kumatara ya LED nijoro kugirango itange urumuri.

 

Kuki dukoresha amatara yo kumuhanda LED izuba aho gukoresha itara risanzwe rya LED?

Amatara yo kumuhanda ntasaba amashanyarazi kuko ntabwo ameze nkamatara asanzwe yo mumuhanda.Ingufu z'izuba zibahindura amatara yo gutanga amashanyarazi.Ibi ntibigabanya ikiguzi cyo kumurika kumuhanda gusa ahubwo nigiciro gisanzwe cyo gucunga no kubungabunga.Amatara yo kumuhanda izuba asimbuza buhoro buhoro amatara yo kumuhanda dukoresha.

 

Amatara yo kumuhanda LED yaka ijoro ryose?

Umubare w'amashanyarazi bateri itanga igena igihe kimara ijoro ryose.

 

Amatara ya LED ntagereranywa mubijyanye no gukwirakwiza akarere no kumurika.Imirasire y'izuba ya LED yagaragaye ntiyitaye kubintu bidasanzwe, bidasanzwe muri uyu murenge.Kwizerwa kwa VKS Kumurika bisobanura ibiranga ibintu bitandukanye, nkubushobozi buhanitse SMD LED hamwe na optique yo gukwirakwiza amatara yo kumuhanda yubatswe hamwe na monocrystalline silicon ya fotokoltaque ikora neza, ifunguye kuri clover.

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Igihe cyo kohereza: Ugushyingo-11-2022